青岛新托福阅读策略之一:难句把握策略

作者:朗阁小编老师来源:朗阁教育时间:2021-11-25 18:30:09

摘要:新托福阅读策略之一:难句把握策略

除开英语词汇量比较大之外,句子构造繁琐也是托福阅读文章的阻碍之一。应对难句,务必快速把握其主干和关键,由于考試时涉及到回答的主要是句子的主干和关键,针对句子简单化题(sentence simplification)特别是在这般。要把握难句的主干和关键,*先要搞清他们的种类。简单点来说,托福中的难句关键包含以下种类:   1.定语(包括后置定语与定语从句)   2.同位语   3.并列结构   4.that正确引导的各种各样从句   5.插进构造   6.独立主格   7.倒装句   8.强调句   9.虚拟语气    针对不一样种类的难句,把握主干的方式也不一样。以倒装句为例子,关键有以下状况:   1.方向介词放在句首   Herein lay the beginning of what ultimately turned from ignorance to denial of the value of nutritional therapies in medicine。   2.代词放在句首   Among the species of seabirds that use the windswept cliffs of the Atlantic coast of Canada in the summer to mate, lay eggs, and rear their young are common murres, Atlantic puffins, black-legged kittiwakes, and northern gannets。   3. 修饰词放在句首   Implicit in it is an aesthetic principle as well: that the medium has certain qualities of beauty and expressiveness with which sculptors must bring own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony。   4.过去分词放在句首   Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”, the film has never been, in the full sense of the word, silent。   5.现在分词放在句首   Missing until recently were fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans。    句子倒装句的目地关键有两个:   一是被提早的一部分被注重,如以上的第四句:Accustomed though we are to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”,在其中的accustomed依照一切正常词序应当放在are以后:Though we are accustomed to speaking of the films made before 1927 as “silent”。往往将accustomed提早,是为了更好地注重它。二是为了更好地句子的均衡,不然将造成上重下轻的实际效果,如以上的*句、第三句和第五句。以第五句为例子,依照一切正常词序应该是:Fossils clearly intermediate, or transitional, between land mammals and cetaceans were missing until recently。可是这类句子构造较为槽糕,由于谓语以及修饰词太长(从句首直至cetaceans),而宾语一部分were missing until recently较短,非常容易导致上重下轻的实际效果。第五句将missing提早,防止了这一状况。   为了更好地考試时要快速把握句子的主干,必须较多的阅读理解和剖析。小编主编的《新托福阅读文章*数对策》(高等教育出版社)一书的第三一部分搜集了托福考試中早已发生过的經典难句120句,并对他们开展了归类,只需搞懂他们的构造和含意,不断剖析,考試时就能保证游刃有余了。   》》大量托福阅读辅导   大量托福新闻资讯请浏览》》》朗阁网TOEFL频道栏目 (责编:单月)    我想报辅导班》》朗阁TOEFL课程内容

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